Views: 14 Author: Site Editor Publish Time: 2020-09-09 Origin: Site
The best definitive guide for EVA foam material
They are usually provided by eva foam sheet manufacturers as EVA foam sheets, EVA foam rolls, EVA foam puzzle mats, EVA foam tapes and so on. However, do you really know this foam material? Here we are showing you the way to know about the EVA foam raw materials better than before.
Just simply follow us as following and you will get to know what the EVA foam is, how this EVA foam material is manufactured and fabricated by EVA foam sheeet suppliers. This can definitely guide you when you want to buy EVA foam sheets.
Definition of EVA foam material
EVA (Ethylene-vinyl acetate)foam is made from blended copolymers of ethylene and vinyl acetate. In one sheet of EVA foam, The weight percentage of vinyl acetate usually ranges from 10 to 40%. Polyethylene material is another important element for EVA foaming production. The variation amount of foaming additives and catalysts in the molding process of EVA foam can affect its density, hardness, color, resilience and so on.
EVA foam(sheet) materials are of closed cell foam structure. They have lots of excellent performances including good water & moisture resistance, excellent cushioning & shock absorption, strong heat insulation and long term durability etc.. They are quite frequently used by various industries so that we can find out it in many places and products, such as shoe insole, soft foam mats, foam packaging, yoga block, swimming kickboard, floor underlay, custom EVA foam components and so on.
Here is how EVA foam sheets are manufactured by Shunho EVA solutions
Formula Preparation for Plastic Raw Materials of EVA foam:
Having a precise chemical formula beforehand can make a good beginning for producing the right quality of EVA foam. First of all, our technicians need to work very carefully on the proportion of every plastic raw materials and catalysts that will be blended together.
The main materials includes plastic particles of Ethylene Vinyl Acetate Copolymer and Polyethylene, filler of calcium carbonate and talcum powder, foaming agent of AC, DCP crosslinking agent, Foaming promoter of zinc oxide, lubricating agent of stearic acid.
Beside those above-mentioned main elements, in order to feature our EVA foam materials, some essential adjuvants are utilized to make it. Black and white color are the typical color for EVA foam. To make various color EVA foam sheet, color masterbatch is widely used in production to colorfully feature EVA foam materials. Also to enhance the heat and fire insulation of EVA foam sheet, we add the fire retardant additives into the chemical formula. Moreover, for anti-static EVA foam packaging of precious electronic devices, we can use anti-static agent to produce the anti-static EVA foam materials. After all the chemical raw materials well checked and ready, we can go for the next process.
Banbury Mixer Processing
Once we have the right proportion of plastic raw materials and additives, our production operators will put them into our Banbury mixer machinery. The internal mixer has a fully and well-sealed container which has sufficient capacity to keep large amount of production raw material. It also works highly efficient and is very helpful for mass production of large volume to our customers.
In this process, the previously prepared materials will be chemically blended by heating and pressure inside the Banbury mixer. For actual operation , our technicians will need to set up the right heating temperature and pressure of internal mixer. After a certain period of time which our operator set up before, the processing of the EVA raw materials can be completed.
In following pictures, you can see what the semi-finished product looks like after the first working flow. The EVA raw materials are blended with other plastic materials and catalysts. They are solid materials originally and now turns to be pasted and sticky like mashed potato under effect of heat and high pressure.
When having the mashed plastic blend at hand, our factory operator will handle it into our exturder. Before starting up the sheet extruder, our technicians need to adjust a suitable working speed of the machine. Also they will work carefully to make sure the extruded EVA foam sheets are of the desired thickness that will be used for foaming process.
After put inside the exturder, the mashed plastic blend will be squeezed by high pressure generated by the machine. The important part of this process is the mashed bend will go through metal rollers that will make them turn to be flat sheets. The big metal rollers of conveyor has been set up at a appropriate working speed before everything starting. The EVA foam sheets we will get after this process is not foamed material. They are high density plastic sheets in nature and are ready for the last also most important part which called foaming process.
Foaming Process by EVA Mold Foaming Vulcanizing Machine
Our foaming machinery works like a toaster and our technicians will adjust the foaming machine to a right working temperature and pressure. Different temperature can affect the density, resilience and quality of EVA foam sheet. In this process, we will utilize the above mentioned high density EVA sheets to finish the whole process. Our factory Shunho EVA solutions' operator will gather some pieces of those sheets and put them neatly in piles. Then the piles of EVA sheets will be placed well into the foaming mold which made by high quality stainless steel and can resist high temperature and pressure. In addition, as the EVA foam sheet materials are formed in mold, the mold size apparently determine the size of EVA foam sheets. Usually the thick EVA foam sheet is of 2 m in length and 1 m in width. For long EVA roll, we have special machine to produce it and can make them longer and wider.
You will see inside the foaming mold, the EVA foam sheets blended with catalysts will actually undergo a vulcanization process. After a period time of heating by high temperature, they will finally be foamed and become the EVA foam sheets with wanted colors and density and so on.. They just finished EVA foam materials are thick sheets, but they are quite flexible and handy to be produced to any thicknesses, shapes, rolls and so on. We will introduce you some regular fabrication methods for EVA foam sheets below.
Take a quick look at the EVA foam sheet spec.
Size: about 2 m in length, 1 m in width and 0.5 mm to 100 mm of thickness. It actually depends on the size of foaming molds foam manufacturers possess. (The maximum width of EVA foam roll can reach to 2 m and maximum length can be 100 m or more. ) Color: Black and white are typical color; Blue, red, green, yellow EVA foam are also available. Density: 33 kg/m³ to 280 kg/m³ Hardness: 15 degree to 80 degree Shore C; 40 degree of EVA foam is the most widely used model.
Note: EVA foam sheet materials have also been categorized and differentiated depending on its resilience, hardness, surface and foaming cell structure. For more detail, you could contact us or ask for help of our technical sales at firstname.lastname@example.org.
What is the advantages of EVA foam sheet material on properties?
As EVA foam sheet materials has many excellent advantages and performances for actual applications, they has become one of the most popular foam materials. Here we would like to illustrate some benefits it brings.
The EVA foam sheet materials are foamed plastic and rubber blend, not solid and hard plastic and rubber material. Generally for low density and mid-density EVA foam materials, they can be naturally elastic and flexible. And they are also tougher than soft polyurethane foam. Due to they have good cushioning capability with economical cost, so people frequently use it as cushioning materials. You could find them in lots of products including knee pads, EVA foam mats, foam packaging and inserts, even golf putting green that people use the large EVA foam sheet as cushion underground.
As mentioned above, when producing the EVA foam sheet, we can put elements of natural rubber and other elastic additives. This way we can formulate a highly resilient EVA foam materials once we utilize those resilient elements. Sometimes customer requires the high elastic EVA foam sheet and it is actually the blend of EVA and rubber foam. A highly elastic EVA foam materials can be widely used to enhance the cushioning and durability of products. Some foam products you may see the high elastic EVA foam materials such as squeegee blades, foam seals, foam gaskets, seat cushions etc.
EVA foam sheet is a closed cell foam material. They are naturally good at insulation. At the same time, the other closed cell foam materials do have better insulation abilities than open cell foam. For production, EVA foam sheet materials need to go through vulcanization procedure where they are formed with a cross-linked also closed cell molecular structures. The insulation abilities of EVA foam includes heat and thermal insulation.The can resist temperature from minus 30 degree centigrade to 80 degree centigrade. In addition, we can also put ire retardant additives and anti -static agents to enrich the insulation performance of EVA foam materials.
Resistance ability of EVA foam materials is similar to its insulation. However here when we talk about its resistance ability, it refers to resistance to solvent and noise. As its closed cell foam structure, EVA foam materials in different densities or hardness can all have excellent resistance to water, moisture, oil and sound. The closed cell structure can make the foam have a smooth and flat surface that can help raise its resistance. In some parts like flooring underlay, as you can see, EVA foam sheet performs excellent resistance.
EVA foam materials is widely used for marine products and applications. Due to EVA foam has strong buoyancy in closed cell structure. They are excellent at water resistance. Also you should know the low density and mid density EVA foam materials are lightweight and portable. These advantages make them quite suitable and outstanding for marine products. You can see the EVA foam materials for water floats, boat cushion mats, swim kickboards and even as foam parts in life jackets.
EVA foam sheet can be added natural rubber and EPDM material which can not only improve its resilience, but also enhance its durability and make it undergo a long term usage. Rubber materials are durable but they are so heavy that sometimes they are not handy and portable to use. Compared with rubber materials, EVA foam are much portable and easy to move around. After adding resilient additive for its production, EVA foam can actually performs better than rubber materials.
How we produce the EVA foam sheet?
People usually do not need the large and thick EVA foam sheets, so we have more EVA foam fabrication capabilities to custom tailor those foam sheets. Below we are introducing you some popular and effective making methods for EVA foam sheets.
As you may know, the original EVA foam sheets coming out from the foaming machinery have thickness up to 100 mm. They are so thick that customers usually ask us to provide them thinner foam sheets. In addition, foam skiving is always be the first step for the rest foam fabrication processes. In order to make this, we have equipped with professional foam skiver which can be used to split the EVA foam sheets to any desired thickness. Also the machine can be used to skive other foam sheets such as Polyethylene foam sheet, Polyurethane foam sheet, foam rubber sheet and so on. Our technicians need to first adjust our foam skiver, and they will put the large foam sheets through the sharp blades. Then we will soon have the EVA foam sheets or blocks of your wanted thickness with tight tolerance.
The sawing process is mainly used by us to cut customized foam sheets, blocks and strips. It is a very handy and efficient method to fabricate the EVA foam materials. After having EVA foam sheets of wanted thickness through skiving, our factory staff will manipulate the foam sawing machine to cut the foam sheets to desired length and width. The sawing methods are refer to 2 ways, one is vertical sawing and the other is horizontal sawing. Our factory utilize the vertical sawing most. Our staff will place foam sheets onto the platform of sawing machine. They will check carefully of the size they want and adjust the machine. Then they will start up the foam sawing machine and just put the foam sheets or blocks through the cutting blade at high speed operation. We will finally get customer the wanted size of foam sheets, blocks and strips in a quick time.
You can see die cutting are used in many industries like paper packaging where people use the steel made die for cutting out paper box. We use the die cutting the same way for EVA foam making. To fabricate custom foam parts, die cutting is frequently used for EVA foam packaging, foam case inserts, foam profiles, foam gaskets and pads. The most important parts for using foam die-cutting is we need to decide the correct CAD drawings for custom foam parts. Then we will develop the steel die-cutting mold according the computerized product drawing. Once the die cutting mold ready, we will use EVA foam sheet with mold to working in die cutting machinery. They will help us generate the custom foam parts correctly and quickly. For some complicated EVA foam packaging, we may also use adhesive lamination to have two or more foam parts laminated together. This method they can function as a whole part.
EVA Foam Lamination:
EVA foam lamination is needed when customers want EVA foam materials have sticky adhesive backing, felt surface, fabric and film backing or when custom foam fabrication needs foam lamination to produce. Our EVA foam lamination capabilities are key to make the EVA foam composites for customers’ project. Lamination methods can be categorized in two main ways, the first PAS lamination also adhesive lamination and the other heat lamination. The first one needs adhesive materials like hot melt adhesive or acrylic adhesive and release liner backing. The other mainly works with hot heating machine where heated foam surfaces can be sticky and laminate together. EVA foam components like EVA foam tapes, EVA adhesive pad and foam floor underlay with silver foil or film are all using lamination to achieve.
CNC contouring cutting:
For complicated foam packaging, such as tool control cases with different thickness cutout shapes inside, we suggest to use CNC contouring engraver to make it. CNC contouring cut can work well for customized EVA foam cut with different cutout thickness. It is a precise and efficient way to use. Before using this method, computerized drawings for foam parts need to be confirmed. Besides the drawings for CNC contour cutting are usually 3D version files. Our technicians will set up the CNC cutting machine with the right statistics compatible with the 3D foam part drawing. Also the machine can be used to cut thickness of around 8 mm EVA foam materials. The CNC contouring cutting is frequently used to manufacture the EVA protective foam inserts also Polyethylene foam packaging.
EVA Foam Thermoforming:
When people wants the EVA foam materials to be both more resilient and durable, foam thermoforming can be a good method to go. This technique can also make 3D custom foam parts. Have look at foam knee pad and knee pad inserts so you will know the benefits foam thermoforming can bring. For utilize this fabrication method, customized mold of foam parts need to be developed according to product CAD drawing. Then we will use our EVA foam materials and the developed mold working with our thermoforming machinery. Thermoforming as you may see literally is related to heating and temperature. Our technicians will work carefully to adjust the termoform machines with appropriate heat temperature and pressure. The customized EVA foam products will be formed in the mold under heating and pressure. Most of 3D foam parts are using foam thermoforming technique to achieve including boat seat cushion and other customized EVA foam components.
EVA foam sheet applications and products:
Utilizing EVA foam materials of different colors and densities also with various foam making techniques, we can produce much more EVA foam products than you would imagine. Last we are showing you some of the EVA foam parts.
EVA Shoes Insole:
EVA foam sheets are one of the most popular material as shoe insole. The EVA foam sheet used for shoe industry takes up to 60% of all amount of EVA foam. The EVA insole are mainly manufactured by injection foam molding method. This technique is different from the molded foaming way we introduced in the beginning of this article.
EVA Foam Packaging
EVA foam sheets are ideal for fabricating foam packaging. They are naturally cushioning and resilient material. They can also be flexibly made by many machines and techniques like die-cutting and CNC contouring cut. You can always find them in products packaging and case inserts.
As mentioned above, the EVA foam has good buoyancy and they has excellent floating ability underwater. In addition, the EVA foam materials can be made in low density with lightweight property. So they are quite suitable for marine market usage. Swimming kickboard is one of parts made by EVA foam materials.
EVA foam puzzle mats are made of molded EVA foam materials usually with anti-slip texture finishing on surface. They are quite popular to use in many occasions such as home flooring, basement flooring, home gym and martial arts studios etc.. People like to use them as they are quite easy to install with interlocking tabs. Also EVA foam puzzle tiles can provide good cushioning comfort for flooring.
EVA Foam Roller and Block:
EVA foam material is frequently used to develop parts for sports applications. The EVA foam rollers and blocks are currently popular yoga products. Foam rollers can be made by both thermoforming and injection molding methods. In addition, the EVA foam blocks are manufactured by custom foam sawing. They are also available in a lot of colors for customer to choose.
Customized EVA Foam Components:
By exploiting foam making capabilities especially foam thermoforming and lamination, EVA foam material can be processed as many 3D foam parts and components. They will provide better cushioning and shock absorption for applications they serve. Also foam lamination technique can make the EVA foam products working well with fabric, film and adhesive backing.